Ultimul Sunet (Last Bell) 2018

The beginning of the ceremony, which was moderated by two 8th grade students
The raising of the flag and national anthem
The primary students wait for the ceremony to begin

As I mentioned in my previous post, last week was the last week of school in Moldova. I’ve written about the last day ceremony, called Last Bell, before. This year’s Last Bell was similar, but the graduating 9th graders were different.

The 9th “A” class entering with their homeroom teacher
The 9th “B” class entering with their homeroom teacher

The ceremony started with all of the students and teachers gathering in a horseshoe shape in the courtyard in front of our school. Once everyone was was in place, the 9th grade students entered the courtyard from the school, accompanied by their homeroom teachers. The same homeroom teacher stays with a group of students from 5th to 9th grade, and the relationship is supposed to be very close between the students and their homeroom teacher (the students also stay together usually from 1st grade until they graduate in 9th grade).

The 1st grade students reciting a poem
The entire 9th grade class

There were the typical speeches, by a police officer from our raion (district), a representative from our raion’s department of youth and sport, and our school director. Certificates were handed out to many students for participation in various activities and for academic achievement. The 1st grade students recited a long poem.

Me being presented with a diploma and a speech by the director
My partner teacher thanking me for my time here and giving me notes from the students
An 8th grade student reciting a poem she had written for and about me

Since this was my very last official day at school, I was also honored during the ceremony. I was given a certificate and my partner teacher Liuba gave me a packet of notes and drawings from my students. One of my 8th grade students, Maria, wrote and recited a touching poem in English thanking me for coming here. Unfortunately, nobody got a full video, but it was very sweet. I did my best not to cry, but my eyes did tear up a bit.

The 9th graders performing a dance
The 9th graders performing a dance
The 9th graders performing a dance

The 9th grade students generally prepare dance/song performances and recite poems as part of the ceremony. A small number of them did a nice dance, one of the girls sang a song that is often used to thank teachers, and they recited a poem. There were two 9th grade classes this year, and one of the classes prepared a very touching (all of the women and girls in the crowd definitely teared up, as did several of the boys in the class) tribute to their homeroom teacher, Valentina.

9th grade students doing a touching tribute for their homeroom teacher
9th grade students doing a touching tribute for their homeroom teacher

They asked Doamna Valentina to stand in the middle of the courtyard, and then each student approached her, gave her a flower, hugged her, and gave her one end of a ribbon. This was accompanied with a short “the first candle is for…” thanking her for various things. This continued until she held one end of a ribbon attaching her to each of the students in her class. They then asked her to cut the ribbons, leaving part with her and the other part with each of the students. This was followed by a group hug and lots of tears.

The last bell being rung by a 1st grade student on the shoulders of a 9th grade student

The ceremony ended, as always, with the ringing of the final bell of the year. This is done by a 1st grade girl on the shoulder of a 9th grade boy. Then students went inside for their last homeroom class then went home. I spent some time in both of the 8th grade classrooms, then I also headed home to change for the teacher’s barbecue in the forest on the edge of our village.

The teachers celebrating the end of the school year with a barbecue in the woods

The teachers gathered together to eat, drink, and celebrate the end of another year. We went to the forest this year, and everything was very delicious and everyone was very relaxed. We had a lot of fun and stayed for over 6 hours! It’s a day I doubt I’ll ever forget.

Victory/Europe Day

Veterans from the village prepare for a gun salute in front of the World War II monument

Victory Day is celebrated on May 9th in Moldova. In some villages, Europe Day is celebrated instead, and in many, both holidays are celebrated simultaneously. Both holidays celebrate the victory over Germany during World War II and remember those that fought and lost their lives in the war.

Students lay flowers around the monument in memory of those that died and fought in World War II.

In our village, all of the students and teachers gathered at the school (there were no lessons for the day), and walked the short ways to our village’s World War II monument by the park. Some community members and those that work at our mayor’s office also joined us.

Students lay flowers around the monument in memory of those that died and fought in World War II.

Some students recited a poetry about peace and a teacher introduced the daughter of one of the men from our village who fought in the war. There was a gun salute, and then each person passed by the monument and laid flowers in memory of those that lost their lives or fought in the war. It was a short and simple ceremony.

Flowers laid on the monument in memory of those that died and fought in World War II.

My host mom told me that in the past, it was a much bigger holiday, and there was a parade through the village attended by almost everyone in the village. My village was directly in the middle of the front line during the war. As a result, there are almost no houses that are older than 70 years old, as almost everything was destroyed.

Flowers laid on the monument in memory of those that died and fought in World War II.

Some students walked to the cemetery with a teacher to lay flowers on the graves of the Romanian soldiers that died here while fighting. It was unusual in Moldova to have buried and marked the graves of the Romanian soldiers, mostly unnamed, after the war. However, our village has a section of the cemetery dedicated to just them, with stone crosses marking the graves.

Graves of the Romanian soldiers that died here during World War II (photo from earlier this spring).

Since the day is a national holiday, we had the rest of the day off. Many families have barbecues or picnics, a lot like Memorial Day in the United States.

Happy Easter!

Lining up outside the church to wait for the priest’s blessing

You may be thinking I’m a bit late on this post, but here in Moldova, Easter was celebrated yesterday, according to the Orthodox calendar. Most Moldovans are Orthodox Christians (either Eastern or Russian Orthodox) and for them, Easter is the most important holiday of the year.

Lined up outside of the church at 4:30 in the morning

The church service begins on Saturday night and lasts until about sunrise on Sunday. Many families and children don’t come all night, and come around 4 in the morning, when the service finishes and everyone gathers outside the church. Each family brings a basket with meat, boiled eggs, and a special bread called pasca and line up with candles, either around the church yard or along the roads surrounding the church. In my village, thousands of people come on Easter morning to our only church, so everyone lines up along the roads. The priest and some men carrying icons and a cross walk between the lines of people, blessing them. First, the priest swings incense at each person and then they walk around once again. This time, the priest splashes each person and basket with holy water, blessing them and the food in the baskets. Once the blessing has occurred, everyone returns home and breaks the fasting period of Lent by eating meat, eggs, dairy, and drinking wine (at 5:30 or 6:00 in the morning!), which is generally followed by napping.

Our meal with the whole family

Later in the day, my host brother and his family and host sister and her family joined us for a masa (special meal) and to visit with my host parents. The meal was delicious and I always enjoy when my four host-nieces join us! Something interesting to note- according to tradition, only cold (or room temperature) food is eaten at Easter. This means the meat is prepared ahead of time and eaten cold, along with cold salads, etc. My host mom isn’t sure why, but she told me she thinks it’s based on religious requirements. Other families seem to make hot or warm foods now, but my host family does not.

Playing with chalk outside after our meal

It was a gorgeous spring day, around 70° F. After we ate, we spent most of the day outside soaking up the sun while the grand-daughters played. In the evening, they headed back to their homes (though one of the host nieces stayed behind here for the rest of the Easter break).

March 8th, International Women’s Day

Although Women’s Day is an international holiday, it isn’t celebrated much in the United States.  In the former Soviet states, however, it is a huge holiday.  Here in Moldova, there is no school and most businesses are closed.  There are celebrations the day before at schools and other places of work, and on March 8th, everyone celebrates.

On Wednesday, our 7th grade students prepared a small celebration and concert for the teachers.  They recited poems about mothers and women, sang, and spoke about the importance of women.  After, one of the few male teachers at our school presented the rest of us with flowers and kind words.  We followed that with a small masa (meal)- just tea, bread, some vegetables, and vegan sausages since it’s currently post (a fasting period- in this case lent).

On Thursday, our village had a large concert at the casa de cultura (cultural house/community center).  It was held in the afternoon with song, poems, dance, and even some surprises for a few women in our community.  A number of students from my school performed various songs.  The students who learn at our village’s school and music school performed both traditional songs and dances.  Generally, only the older students (grades 8-9) get to perform, but on Thursday the youngest group (mostly in grades 1-3) and medium group (mostly grades 4-7 but with a couple of 3rd graders as well) also performed.   The older group, which performs often across Moldova and even in other countries, performed a new dance that was really beautiful.

A number of women in the village were given certificates and gifts for being great mothers and raising kids that the community is particularly proud of, as well as a younger mother with 6 kids.  The first woman to receive a certificate was also surprised by the community.  After she received her certificate, a man from a gift store presented her with a cake and a card from her son, who lives abroad in France and she hadn’t seen in quite some time.  Then, after the card was read, the emcee announced there was another surprise, and first that son and then all of her kids and grandchildren entered.  I don’t think there was a dry eye in the entire auditorium.  Another older woman received a similar surprise, with kids living abroad surprising her.

After the local groups performed, there was a short intercession, and then a well-known Moldovan orchestra took the stage.  A number of well-known singers also joined them, including one that is from my village.

In all, it was a beautiful celebration full of good music, and special moments.

Martisor

Last week, Moldovans celebrated one of my favorite holidays, which is called Marțişor (pronounced mar-tsee-shore).  This holiday is celebrated every year on March 1st and is an ancient tradition that celebrates the coming of spring.  In ancient times, the marțişor (amulets) were created using small pebbles painted white and red and arranged on a string.  The colors red and white came from pagan traditions.  Blood, or the red on the marțişor, symbolized life, fertility, and worship.  White symbolized snow, ice, and clouds.

From our Peace Corps language instructors: “At the beginning of 19th century the beautiful Amulet was found in all Romanian regions. Especially children and women wore around their necks or on their left hands two woolen yarns (one red, one white) knitted together and a small silver or golden coin hung on them. The belief was that those who wore that Amulet were protected and would have good luck in the next year. It was written in books that young Moldavan girls wore Mărţişor from March 1st till March 12th. After two weeks, they used to tie their hair with that special red-white yarn waiting to see the first spring birds coming to their village. Only after that event, the young girls took out the Amulet and hang it to the first tree they saw in blossom.”

Today, Marțişor is celebrated in all Romanian regions (Romania and Moldova), as well as Macedonia and Albania.  In Moldova, it is a symbol of spring and joy.  By exchanging them, people are showing a gesture of love, friendship, respect, and appreciation.  They are worn on the left side on their chests starting on March 1st and throughout the month.  After removing them, they are hung on a tree to bring a good harvest.

At school, each teacher is given marțişori from students, and outside of school, they are also exchanged among adults and children.  Some of the marțişor are handmade, while others are purchased.  I received a few marțişor from students, as well as my host parents.  My host dad also gave me a larger marțişor that is meant to hang on the wall and which was hand-crocheted by a woman in our village.

It’s a beautiful tradition and one that I think I may bring back with me to the United States.  Happy Marțişor!